Causes of Cancer
Cell growth and division is controlled by information encoded within a genetic material called DNA. Anything that causes damage to the DNA results in uncontrolled growth of cells.
DNA damage can simply be passed on from parents to offspring, causing cancer.
Exposure to certain environmental toxins such as cigarette smoke triggers DNA damage leading to cancer.
Prolonged exposure to ultraviolet radiations from the sun, and radiotherapy also initiates cancer.
Certain hormonal changes, like increase in estrogen levels promote formation of cancer in the body.
A small sample of tissue is taken from the site of tumor, preferably from the organ were its starts. This is tested for the presence of cancer cells.
Blood tests can be done to look for specific tumor markers, that confirm the presence of a particular tumor.
X-ray, CT scan, MRI, Mammogram, Ultrasound and Bone scans are imaging studies that help detect the presence of Cancer in the body.
Treatments for Cancer
Cancer is treated with the help of drugs that target cell division. This form of treatment is known as Chemotherapy.
Depending on the type of cancer, surgery can be used to either completely remove the tumor, or to reduce its size.
Weeks of treatment with high dose radiation, kills or slows down the growth of tumor cells.
3D Laparoscope for better detection and removal of pathology in high-precision Cancer surgeries.
Laparoscopic operation of most Abdominal Cancers