Cancer means abnormally dividing cells in a uncontrollable manner. If cancer occur in the stomach lining it is called as a Stomach Cancer or a Gastric Cancer. Stomach is divided into 3 parts, fundus, body and antrum. Cancer can start in any portion and is named accordingly. It is usually diagnosed at its advanced stage because of the lack of symptoms in its early stage.
Causes of Stomach cancer
The exact reason for the start of cancer cells growth in your stomach is still not known. But there are some known risk factors which can trigger the start of stomach cancer:
Mostly a bacterium called H.pylori is a trigger for stomach cancer. This bacterium can survive in highly acidic environment of your stomach. It might cause a lot of trouble in your everyday life.
A viral infection called Ebstein-Barr virus can also cause stomach cancer.
Collection of abnormal cells called polyps in lining of stomach
Stomach cancer sometimes tend to run in families. Having a family history is a very high risk factor forgetting it.
Smoking /Alcohol abuse
Type A blood group
Symptoms of STOMACH CANCER
- Stomach feeling sick
- Stomach pain after meals
- Difficulty in swallowing food
- Experiencing frequent heartburn
- Loss of appetite
- Bloating (gas filled in your stomach).
- Feeling full after eating a lesser amount of food.
- Yellowish discoloration in the eyes and skin.
- Always feeling tired and weak.
Diagnosing Stomach cancer
Upper GI endoscopy with biopsy
Its a procedure that uses a small camera at the end of a thin, flexible tube. This tube is sent inside your food pipe to look at the esophagus and stomach. A small piece of affected part is cut and sent to the laboratory. The cut-piece (biopsied tissue) is then viewed under a microscope.
CT scan might be needed to know the exact size and spread of the cancer.
Treatments for stomach cancer
The main aim of treatment is to prevent the cells from spreading. Untreated stomach cancer may spread to your lungs, lymph nodes, bones and liver.
- Triple Therapy- This regimen is recommended for treatment of ulcers due to H. pylori.
- Chemotherapy and Radiotherapy might be helpful. Chemotherapy is use of chemicals to kill the cancer cells. Radiation Therapy is use of radiation to shrink the size of the cancer cells.
Surgery is almost always needed in advanced stages. Surgical removal of the affected part of stomach (Gastrectomy) is the surgery of choice.
- Get a regular screening with your doctor
- Quit smoking and alcohol consumption
- Eat a balanced low-fat diet
All Cancer surgeries through Lap
Lap Gastrectomy Specialists
Dr. J. S. Rajkumar
M.S., F.I.C.S., Dip. N.B. (SURG.), F.R.C.S. (ENG.), F.R.C.S. (EDIN.), F.R.C.S. (GLASGOW), F.R.C.S. (IRELAND), F.I.M.S., F.A.I.S., F.R.M.S. (LONDON), F.A.E. (GASTRO), F.A.C.G. (USA), F.I.C.A. (USA), F.I.A.G.E.S., Dip M.I.S. (FR.)
Dr. Prabhakaran Raju
Consultant Surgical Gastroenterolgy
M.B.B.S., M.S (GENERAL SURGERY), Mch(SGE)