Gall Bladder Stones

Gall stones are hard deposits that can lurk inside the gall bladder; the organ that stores bile produced in the liver. These stones are formed due to the presence of excessive amounts of cholesterol, calcium, etc within the gall bladder.

Causes of Gallbladder stones


The risk of gallbladder stones may run in families. This is because of an abnormality within the genes that result in increased production of cholesterol, which accumulate inside the gallbladder to form stones.

  • Cholesterol

    When liver makes more amount of cholesterol, bile cannot break it down. The excess cholesterol thus accumulate to form stones.

  • Bilirubin

    Bilirubin is formed from the breakdown of red blood cells. Certain disease conditions result in the formation of increased bilirubin, which in turn contribute to formation of pigment stones in the gallbladder

  • Bile

    When disease conditions result in incomplete emptying of bile from gall bladder, excess bile accumulate to form stones.

Symptoms of Gallbladder stones

  • Fever
  • Jaundice
  • Clay colored stools
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Abdominal pain  and discomfort after eating fatty foods

Diagnosing Gallbladder stones


This is the preferred imaging method to confirm the presence of gallbladder stones.

Abdominal CT scan

CT scan reveals presence of gallstones, as well as its complications such as infection, blockage, etc.

Treatments for Gallbladder stones

Medical Treatments

There are certain drugs that can dissolve gallstones. However these medications are quiet ineffective and may take a very long time to work.

Surgical Treatments

Gallbladder removal (Cholecystectomy) is the surgery of choice for gallstones. At LIMA the procedure is done laparoscopically through a single hole, hence a scarless procedure.

LIMA Experience

1st in Chennai: Scarless Cholecystectomy

Gallstones Specialists

Dr. J. S. Rajkumar


M.S., F.I.C.S., Dip. N.B. (SURG.), F.R.C.S. (ENG.), F.R.C.S. (EDIN.), F.R.C.S. (GLASGOW), F.R.C.S. (IRELAND), F.I.M.S., F.A.I.S., F.R.M.S. (LONDON), F.A.E. (GASTRO), F.A.C.G. (USA), F.I.C.A. (USA), F.I.A.G.E.S., Dip M.I.S. (FR.)

Dr. S. Akbar