A polyp is an abnormal growth of cells that can happen in any organ. Such an abnormal growth happening in the wall of the gallbladder are called as Gallbladder polyps.
The Gallbladder is a pear shaped organ present situated under the Liver. Liver produces a straw-colored fluid called bile. Bile is temporarily stored in the gallbladder. When you take fatty food, your gall bladder pours the bile in your intestine. Bile breaks and digests fat in your intestine. Gall bladder is not an essential organ. You can live without it.
Gallbladder polyps in most of the cases are small in size and harmless and made up of cholesterols. But sometimes they can become cancerous and gives a lot of trouble to the patients. When the size of the polyp is large, the risk for becoming cancerous is high. usually they don’t cause any symptoms in patients. But if you are not diagnosed at the right time, it can be problematic.
Causes of gallbladder polyps
There is no known cause for this condition. But older men are at high risk for getting gallbladder polyps.
Symptoms of Gallbladder polyps
Usually people with gallbladder polyps don’t show any symptoms. Some of the symptoms they can experience are as follows:
- Pain in the abdomen specially below right side of the ribs. This can be as similar as a gallbladder stone.
- Feeling sick in the stomach.
- Vomiting episodes.
- Digestion problems.
Diagnosing Gallbladder polyps
Imaging techniques like Ultrasound or CT scan can help your doctor to diagnose gallbladder polyps
A small piece of the polyp may be cut and sent to laboratory to know if it’s cancerous or not. This method is called as a biopsy. It can help your doctor to know what type of polyp he is dealing with.
Treatments for Gallbladder polyps
There is no medical treatment for gallbladder polyps.
Gallbladder removal (cholecystectomy) is the surgery that can be done for these patients.
Prevention of Gall bladder polyps
Since most of the polyps are made of cholesterols, prevention aims at reducing the intake of cholesterol and having a proper diet.
- Consume a low fat diet.
- Eat small but frequent meals.
- Avoid eating a very large dinner after fasting all day.
First in Chennai: Single port Surgery performed for Cholecystectomy, Among the first in India
Dr. J. S. Rajkumar
M.S., F.I.C.S., Dip. N.B. (SURG.), F.R.C.S. (ENG.), F.R.C.S. (EDIN.), F.R.C.S. (GLASGOW), F.R.C.S. (IRELAND), F.I.M.S., F.A.I.S., F.R.M.S. (LONDON), F.A.E. (GASTRO), F.A.C.G. (USA), F.I.C.A. (USA), F.I.A.G.E.S., Dip M.I.S. (FR.)
Dr. Prabhakaran Raju
Consultant Surgical Gastroenterolgy
M.B.B.S., M.S (GENERAL SURGERY), Mch(SGE)
Dr. S. Akbar
Consultant General and Laparoscopic Surgeon
M.B.B.S., M.S (GENERAL SURGERY), D.MAS, F.MAS.
Dr. Anirudh Rajkumar
Bariatric and Laparoscopic Surgeon
M.B.B.S., Dip.N.B. (GENERAL SURGERY).